The final draft of the climate change agreement presented by France has now been accepted. The historic deal was accepted by 195 countries.
The 31-page draft, dubbed the “Paris agreement” was presented to negotiators and will now limit rising temperatures and sea levels, and eventually hold man-made emissions to the levels that nature can absorb.
The plan would be the first time all countries are expected to pitch in. The last emissions treaty, 1997 Kyoto Protocol, only included wealthy countries, and the U-S never signed on.
The nations would commit to keeping the rise in global temperatures by the year 2100 compared with pre-industrial times “well below” 2 degrees Celsius. It would also ‘endeavour to limit’ them even more, to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
French President Francois Hollande said the deal would be “unprecedented” in the history of international climate talks.
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said America was “teed up” for the pact to be adopted. The draft appears to meet a key demand from the Obama administration that it not include language that would need approval from the Republican-led U.S. Congress requiring rich countries to pay poor countries hurt by climate change.
French officials say any agreement won’t take effect until 2020.